Top 10 rivers in China
We all know that China has vast land and many rivers.
Probably, whenever we think of China, we may think of the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. But other rivers in China also carry on the history and culture of China…
Today, travel blogger Dolma has summarized the top 10 rivers in China for you.
The Yangtze is the third longest river in the world and the first longest river in Asia, originating from the Tanggula Mountains in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and is the mother river of the Chinese nation.
It flows through Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, and Shanghai, and is injected into the East China Sea on the east side of Chongming Island, with a total length of 6,397 km, more than 800 km longer than the Yellow River, second only to the Nile and the Amazon River, ranking third in the world.
It is also the third largest river in the world in terms of water flow, after the Amazon River and the Congo River.
The Nile River basin spans nine countries in Africa, the Amazon River basin spans seven countries in South America, and the Congo River basin spans seven countries in Africa.
The Yangtze is unique to China, with a total basin area of more than 1.8 million square km, accounting for one-fifth of the country’s total land area.
The Yangtze has a long history and has nurtured Chinese civilization, the Chinese nation, and generations of Chinese children.
The Yellow River is the second longest river in China and the sixth longest river in the world, it is also the birthplace of Chinese civilization and the earliest developed area in China.
Contribution is other big rivers can not be compared, is a veritable mother river.
The Yellow River originates from the Bayankara Mountains in Qinghai, flowing from west to east through Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Shandong, and finally into the Bohai Sea.
Yellow River’s annual runoff volume of 57.4 billion cubic meters, the average runoff depth of 79 meters, along the collection of 35 major tributaries.
In recent hundred years, the Yellow River with yellow sand for miles, to the mouth of the sea to fill the land, forming a large area of new land.
The Pearl River, also known as Yuejiang River, is the second largest and third longest river in China, and the largest river system in southern China, with an annual runoff of more than 330 billion cubic meters, second only to the Yangtze River in the national river system, 7 times longer than the Yellow River and 10 times longer than the Huai River.
The Pearl River originally refers to the 96-kilometer-long waterway from Guangzhou to the mouth of the sea, named because it flows through Haizhu Island, and later gradually became the general name for the Xijiang, Dongjiang, Beijiang, and the rivers of the Pearl River Delta.
The Pearl River originates from the Ma Xiong Mountains of the Women Mountain System in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, flows through six provinces in the central and western part of China and northern Vietnam, and is injected into the South China Sea downstream from eight inlets.
The Pearl River basin is rich in tourism resources, and the famous Huangguoshu Waterfall and Guilin landscape are all in the Pearl River basin. The Pearl River Delta is an alluvial plain in the lower reaches of the Pearl River, where rivers and seas meet, and has the unique appearance of a southern water town.
The Heilongjiang River, also known as the Amur River, is located in northeastern Asia. The total length of the Heilongjiang River is 4,440 km from the source of the Hailar River and about 5,498 km from the source of the Karen River.
The Heilongjiang River is an important international river and the world’s first international border river, whose basin includes four countries: China, Russia, Mongolia, and North Korea.
The border river between China and Russia is 3,000 km long, more than 1,400 km in Russia, with a basin area of 1,856,000 square km, and 891,000 square km in China, accounting for about 48% of the total basin area.
The Heilongjiang River has two sources in the north and south, the south source is the Erguna River, the upper source is the Hailar River, which originates from the western slope of the Daxinganling Mountains in China, and the north source is the Shilka River, the upper source is the Onnen River, which originates from the eastern foothills of the Kent Mountains in the north of Mongolia, and injects into the Okhotsk Strait in Nikolaevsk, Russia, separating Siberia from the Kuye Island, which is the longest river in Northeast Asia.
Located in the Tibet Autonomous Region, the Yarlung Zangbo River is the longest highland river in China and one of the highest rivers in the world.
Like a silver dragon, the Yarlung Zangbo River originates from the Jema Yangtse Glacier at the northern foot of the Tibetan Himalayas at an altitude of 5,300 meters above sea level and flows from west to east on the southern part of the Tibetan Plateau, which is known as the roof of the world and turns south around the easternmost Namgyabawa peak of the Himalayas.
The Chinese part is 2,208 km long, with a basin area of 246,000 square km. The Yarlung Zangbo River, with an elevation above 3,000 meters above sea level, is rich in hydropower reserves, second only to the Yangtze River in China.
The Yarlung Tsangpo River Grand Canyon is the world’s largest canyon and has won two world records for the world’s deepest Grand Canyon and longest Grand Canyon.
It is the longest river in southwest China, the first longest river in Southeast Asia, the third longest river in Asia, and the seventh longest river in the world.
The Lancang River originates at the southern foot of the Chaga Rima Peak in the Zhanarigam Range on the northern side of the Tanggula Mountains. The total length of the mainstream is 4,909 km, with a length of 2,139 km in China.
The Mekong River flows through Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, and flows into the South China Sea at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
The Lancang River is important in the Hengduan Mountains region and is the longest north-south river in China, as well as a key driver for hydropower development in China.
The Tarim River is located in the northern part of the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang and is formed by the confluence of the Aksu River, which originates in the Tianshan Mountains, and the Yarkant and Hotan Rivers, which originate in the Karakorum Mountains.
With a total basin area of 198,000 square km and a total length of 2,137 km, the Tarim River is the 5th largest endorheic river in the world and the longest endorheic river in China, after the Volga, Syrnarun, Ajmer Chivakhsh, and Ural rivers.
Historically, the Tarim River oscillates from north to south and migrates indefinitely.
The last time it had flowed eastward into the Peacock River and injected into the Lop Nor.
The Tarim River is the mother river of the southern Xinjiang region, and the oases south of the Tianshan Mountains are irrigated by Tarim River water, a relatively independent hydrological region with a closed inland water cycle and water balance.
The Nu River is one of the major rivers in southwest China, originating in the southern foot of the Tanggula Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and penetrating deep into the interior of the Tibetan Plateau.
The total length of the river from its source to the mouth of the sea is 3,240 km, the Chinese part is 2,013 km, the Yunnan section is 650 km long, the total watershed area is 325,000 square km, the Chinese part is 137,800 square km, the total runoff is about 70 billion cubic meters, the watershed area in Yunnan Province is 33,500 square km, accounting for 8.7% of the area of Yunnan Province.
The famous Nu River Grand Canyon is located in the Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of the Nu River Basin in Yunnan Province, with a total length of 316 km, the third largest canyon in the world, with water without the Nugu, the mountain has a desire to fly peak.
Songhua River is one of the famous rivers in China, in ancient times it was the name of a huge river flowing in the northeast up to the Tatar Strait mixed river, after the founding of the country changed to a tributary of the Heilongjiang. Now it is the largest tributary of the Heilongjiang River in China. It is formed by the confluence of dozens of rivers of different sizes, such as the Toudao River, the Erdao River, the Haifa River, the Drinking Horse River, the Neng River, and the Mudan River.
It originates from the Changbai Mountain Tianchi at the junction of China and North Korea, flows northwest and merges with the Neng River near the Sanji River in Fuyu County, and then turns eastward and is called the mainstream of the Songhua River. It joins the Heilongjiang River near Sanjiangkou in Tongjiang City.
Songhua is the largest tributary on the right bank of the Heilongjiang River, with a total length of 1900 km and a basin area of 545,600 square km, exceeding the area of the Pearl River basin and accounting for 69% of the total area of three northeastern provinces.
The total annual runoff of 75.9 billion cubic meters exceeds that of the Yellow River, spanning four provinces and regions: Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Inner Mongolia.
The Han River originates in the Mixing Mountains north of Ningqiang County in southwestern Shaanxi Province and flows southeast through southern Shaanxi and western and central Hubei, entering the Yangtze River at Wuhan City.
The total length is 1,532 km and the basin area is 174,000 square km.
The Han River basin is rich in precipitation and abundant in water.
The upper reaches flow through the Hanzhong Basin with fast currents and rich hydraulic resources.
Below the Danjiangkou in the middle reaches, the flow speed decreases abruptly and there are many sandbars and pebble beaches.
Downstream into the Jianghan Plain, the current is gentle, with well-developed currents, and the Yangtze River is crisscrossed with rivers and ports.
The Han River has many beaches and dangerous canyons, large runoff, rich hydraulic resources, and good shipping conditions, and its main tributaries are the Baoxiao River, Ren River, Xun River, Jie River, Plug River, Dan River, Nan River, and Tangbai River.
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Author: Travel Blogger Dolma
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